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  • What Are The Mental Health Pros and Cons of Marijuana Use? A Clinical Psychology Podcast Episode.

    With the increasing legalisation of Marijuana across the world, it raises a lot of questions that haven’t been answered for mental health professionals and psychologists. Also given the very lax attitude in my experience of university security guards towards Marijuana, it is a very popular choice amongst young people. This only adds to the concern from psychologists and health professionals. So in this clinical psychology episode, we’re going to be investigating the pros and cons of Marijuana use. This episode has been sponsored by Abnormal Psychology: The Causes and Treatments For Depression, Anxiety and More Third Edition. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. What Are The Mental Health Pros and Cons of Marijuana Use? Also I should mention that in addition to Marijuana use being legal in Canada and other places, in the United States Marijuana use for medical reasons is legal in 36 states, and using it for recreational use is legal in 18. However, this does raise an awful amount of questions for psychologists as we all try to find our way through these rapidly changing times through research, informed opinions and policymaking. Yet despite a significant amount of recently conducted research on Marijuana use and its effects, there are still a lot of unanswered questions that we need to solve before we even begin to fully understand how to safely incorporate Marijuana use into our practices, and wider society. What Are The Benefits of Marijuana Use For Mental Health? As much as I love history, especially ancient times (I would hate to live there though), I have never paid much attention to their drug use. But other people have. Therefore, since ancient times, Marijuana has been used widely for its medical and euphoric effects. For example, Marijuana does have very strong anti-inflammatory effects that does help pain relief. In addition, Marijuana can be used to reduce nausea in cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy, and there is some evidence to suggest Marijuana could help those suffering from PTSD, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, HIV/ AIDS and some forms of epilepsy. Then just to make things even more interesting, there is some very early research that was conducted by the neuroscientist Gary Wenk that suggests Marijuana could be used to help prevent memory loss in ageing by reducing inflammation in the brain. Of course, because of the research was done so long ago, it has to be redone with modern methods to test the findings. But it is still very interesting to reconsider. In terms of psychotherapy, some clients use it to treat their insomnia, depression anxiety with varying levels of success. Yet it has to be noted sometimes it completely failed and it made the condition a lot worse. Also Marijuana use in the over 60s has increased by 75% in the last three years with many of these people using Marijuana to help their chronic medical conditions and the anxiety that comes with ageing. As well as with Marijuana’s so-called ability to “expand consciousness”. This leads to smokers and users having a better appreciation for the simple pleasures of life. Like, listening to music, being out in nature and enjoying good food. Overall, in terms of benefits, I think it is very clear that there are some potential of Marijuana use for pain management and alleviating symptoms in other conditions. Yet given how there is not great certainty about it working every time and the negatives below, I’m still not convinced. What Are The Negatives of Marijuana Use For Mental Health? Moving onto the negatives, I do partly wish this would be a much shorter section than the positives. But it won’t be, because the negative effects are vast and they are even worse for adolescents and young adults (like university students). Since a recent study in New Zealand found that people who started using Marijuana in their early teens had long-term memory impairments with a lowering of IQ, poor academic and job performance as well as greater risk of depression later on in adulthood. Additionally, for people who had traumatic backgrounds and adverse childhood experiences, they had a higher risk of developing this pattern of impairments. As well as they are four to seven times more likely to become dependent on Marijuana, alcohol and other drugs. Personally, I think that’s simply tragic and I don’t want people to suffer at all with poor job and academic performance, and get an increased chance of suffering a mental health condition. Moreover, Marijuana use causes an increase in impulsiveness, paranoia, apathy, heightened anxiety and impaired driving skills. This is most probably as a result of the higher strength and potency of THC (the psychoactive component) found in today’s Marijuana compared to the 1960s. With there being a greater risk of Marijuana triggering psychosis, even in people without a genetic predisposition of schizophrenia. But what about adults? Unfortunately, it doesn’t actually get any better for adults because all the negative effects that occur in young adults and adolescents happen in adults too. Sure, there are some particularly effects that are more concerning in adolescents and young adults. For example, the brain still actively develops up until a person’s late 20s, so using Marijuana doesn’t exactly help brain health. Also since 2019, in the United States ER rooms have seen dramatic increases in adolescents coming in for problems when Marijuana was involved. No one is exactly sure why but it is thought to be a combination of the rise of vaping, the stress of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decreased perceived risk of Marijuana use. Finally, there is a good amount of evidence that smoking Marijuana has harmful effects on the lungs. Since it has caused an increase in bronchitis and other chronic lung conditions. A More Reflective Conclusion On Everything Despite the benefits and dangers of Marijuana use discussed in this post, I should note that we do know a lot about Marijuana. We know that it can be effective in treating certain conditions and we know the dosage that is best in some situations amongst other things. However, if we also know we need a lot more research to help stamp out some of the questions and flesh out what we already know. All this research will help us to understand what it is best for people, society and treatment as a whole. Nonetheless, it is a shame that as a society we are moving very quickly towards Marijuana legalisation without knowing all the facts. Also it’s shame that tons of people think Marijuana is a lot less dangerous than alcohol, other drugs and other illegal substances when there is a great amount of evidence suggesting it is just as dangerous. Overall, there is a lot more work that needs to be done, and it will be interesting to see what the future holds for Marijuana use, policymaking and psychotherapy as a whole. I really hope you enjoyed this clinical psychology podcast episode. If you want to learn more, please check out: FREE AND EXCLUSIVE 8 PSYCHOLOGY BOOK BOXSET Abnormal Psychology: The Causes and Treatments For Depression, Anxiety and More Third Edition. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. Buy Me A Coffee Have a great day! Clinical Psychology References: Bourque J, Afzali MH, Conrod PJ. (2018). Association of Cannibis Use With Adolescent Psychotic Symptoms. JAMA Psychiatry. Wu TC, Tashkin DP, Djaheb B, et al. (1988). Pulmonary hazards of smoking marijuana as compared to tobacco. New England J Med. Boden JM, Dhakal B, Foulds JA, et al. (2019). Life-course trajectories of cannibis use: a latent class analysis of a New Zealand birth cohort. Addiction. Marijuana/National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2019). www.drugabuse.gov.marijuana. Cermak TL. (2020). From Bud To Brain: A Psychiatrist's View of Marijuana. Cambridge University Press. I truly hope that you’ve enjoyed this blog post and if you feel like supporting the blog on an ongoing basis and get lots of rewards, then please head to my Patreon page. However, if want to show one-time support and appreciation, the place to do that is PayPal. If you do that, please include your email address in the notes section, so I can say thank you. Which I am going to say right now. Thank you! Click https://www.buymeacoffee.com/connorwhiteley for a one-bit of support. Click www.paypal.me/connorwhiteley1 to go to PayPal.

  • 5 Things Therapists Shouldn't Do In Therapy. A Clinical Psychology Podcast Episode.

    As current or future psychotherapists it is always important to know what definitely not to do in therapy. Since therapy is a delicate process where relatively vulnerable people share their thoughts, feelings and experience with us. Therefore, if we do present certain red flags to them then this can harm the therapy, our clients and our own repetition, this is why learning about what we shouldn’t do is important. And some of these are really, really interesting! This clinical psychology podcast episode has been sponsored by Formulation In Psychotherapy. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. 5 Things Therapists Shouldn’t Do In Therapy Of course I should start off by saying that red flags are extremely rare in therapy because all therapists are professionals. As well as we learn what is and what is not good to do during training but it is sometimes good to have reminders, and it is always good to know what not to do in case you want to be a future therapist. Boundary Violations As therapists, there is a relatively not-so-fine line when it comes to boundaries. Since we do need to ask a fair about of semi-personal question about a person so we can understand them. As well as the therapeutic relationship requires us to maintain professionalism and work with the client to help them alleviate their psychological distress and improve their lives. Therefore, this is why boundaries are so important so our clients that feel vulnerable and like they’re exposing their souls know they’re in a safe place. As a result, the most obvious breach of boundaries. Like non-consensual touching is strictly forbidden and your client should basically run away from anyone who does this. To the lesser obvious breaches like asking too many questions about unrelated matters, like if your client wants to help their anxiety and you keep asking them about their sex life. Just don’t do that! And another just flat out creepy boundary violation is if the therapist asks the client where they live, and tries to run into them outside therapy. Not only is that extremely creepy, but it is just inappropriate. Overall, always stay behind the line of professionalism. Ineffective Communication As I’ve mentioned on the podcast a few times, in therapy effective communication is everything because we need to be able to communicate with our clients. Whether this is about what they’re going through, making them feel safe and comfortable or explaining a bit of psychoeducation to them. Communication is critical and bad communication can really harm therapeutic success. In addition, ineffective communication doesn’t just have to poor communication skills like struggling to talk to the client. It can be only using technical terms to explain things to the client so the client cannot understand them. Equally it can a therapist who cannot understand what the client is experiencing even after several attempts. Overall, it is critical to make sure therapists have effective communication skills so they can effectively help the client. As well as if a therapist cannot understand what the client is saying, it is of course important to talk about this problem. Yet if the client cannot get a satisfactory answer then it might be a good idea for them to get a new therapist. Specific Or False Promises: This I really doubt happens on purpose (at least I hope so) but as we know therapy is not an instant fix. As well as in clinical psychology we acknowledge that mental health difficulties are not an illness or disease, they are a part of a person and their maladaptive coping mechanisms to deal with the world. Therefore, whilst therapists will introduce themselves, what’s going to happen and the timeframe of the treatment (in addition to all the other things like explaining confidentiality) at the start of therapy. They must not make promises or guarantees. Like, in ten sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy you’ll be cured. No! Therapy just doesn’t work like that because of all the factors that affects therapeutic success. Including the client’s own capacity to change. Unfair Judgement Whilst we are all human at the end of the day, meaning we do judge other people, have our own personal opinions and like and dislike people. When it comes to our clinical psychology work, we need to leave all those things behind to some extent because a good therapist will ask follow-up questions to understand and clarify what the client is experiencing. That is far from a bad thing as it means we get to really understand what’s going on, and that means we can hopefully make more accurate assessments and interventions. However, a bad therapist will explicitly (and sometimes immediately) past judgement on a client and their decisions, or even make them feel embarrassed and ashamed. Don’t do that! Don’t get me wrong. I know there are some great clinical psychologists who listen to this podcast, and I am certain they could tell all of us some stories. And of course we are going to hear some very unfortunate stories in our careers. However, we do not make people feel worse than they already do. As I mentioned in my Clinical Psychology Reflections Volume 1 that goes completely against the clinical psychology mandate. It is our job not to pass judgement and alleviate psychological distress and improve lives. We don’t make people feel worse. And we still need to remember how much courage, bravery and balls it takes to go to therapy in the first time. Excessive Self-Disclosure This definitely has to be one of the most interesting red flags in therapy since the line is so fine between this being great and awful. Since it depends on your therapeutic orientation how much you use this tool. Due to psychoanalysis prefers not to use self-disclosure as they feel it is better to be a blank slate but other therapeutic approaches prefer self-disclosure used carefully as it can foster the connection. Helping the therapeutic alliance to strengthen and grow. Personally I agree with the latter because from psychology of relationships, we know how self-disclosure can drive liking and friendship-like behaviour. This is arguably important in therapy. Nonetheless, self-disclosure needs to used carefully because this can become a problem if it is used excessively. Resulting in the therapy becoming centred around the therapist, or the therapist saying something that makes the client feel uncomfortable. As well as I completely agree with what Elinor Greenberg, PhD said that this topic. “It should carefully be targeted for the patient’s benefit,” Conclusion: Overall, as I mentioned in the beginning of today’s episode. These red flags are extremely rare, and I’m sure the therapists listening to the podcast can confirm that, so in case we have any future therapists listening today. I want to remind you how little you need to worry about this because your training will certainly cover it. Also we’ve covered a lot of different red flags that can harm the success of the therapy and the chance of alleviating our client’s distress and improving their lives. So of course, never be constantly worried about these flags, but just have them in the back of your mind just in case. I really hope you enjoyed today’s clinical psychology podcast. If you want to learn more, please check out: FREE AND EXCLUSIVE 8 PSYCHOLOGY BOOK BOXSET Formulation In Psychotherapy. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. Buy Me A Coffee Have a great day! Clinical Psychology Reference: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-therapy-center/202110/8-red-flags-look-out-in-therapy I truly hope that you’ve enjoyed this blog post and if you feel like supporting the blog on an ongoing basis and get lots of rewards, then please head to my Patreon page. However, if want to show one-time support and appreciation, the place to do that is PayPal. If you do that, please include your email address in the notes section, so I can say thank you. Which I am going to say right now. Thank you! Click https://www.buymeacoffee.com/connorwhiteley for a one-bit of support. Click www.paypal.me/connorwhiteley1 to go to PayPal.

  • Psychology of Voting Part 2. A Political Psychology and Voting Psychology Podcast Episode.

    On the day this podcast episode goes out, there are local elections happening in the UK for local councils and other such things. As there are no local elections when I am, I really know too much about this round of elections, but I still really want to continue with our look at factors that can influence how we decide to vote. So let’s look at our final three factors. This episode has been sponsored by Social Psychology: A Guide To Social And Cultural Psychology. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. Psychology of Voting: 3 Factors That Affect Our Voting Behaviour Before we dive into these 3 factors I want to mention that like always I do not use these episodes to voice my own politics. As well as I wanted to mention that the scandal section of this podcast episode does help to address a lot of political misconceptions and myths. The Weather Personally when I found out this was a factor that affected how people vote, I was a bit sceptical. Because whilst a lot of political psychology (and psychology as a lot) research is correlational so we CANNOT get cause and effect from these studies. Sometimes I feel like some of these factors are a bit… too out there which is why I’m not mentioning two of the factors that I researched. However, there’s evidence from the USA (Gomez, Hansford and Krause, 2007), Spain (Artes, 2014) and the Netherlands (Eisinga, Grotenhuis and Pelzer, 2012) that suggests the weather really can impact how we vote. For example, those same studies found that for each inch of rainfall there is on election day, the election turnout decreases by 1%. On the other hand, in sunny weather and higher temperatures this leads to election turnout to increase as well as this was found in more places but not Sweden (Persson and Ohrvall, 2014). Now this I can really understand because this is a reason why I always, always do postage voting. Because no one wants to go out when it is raining, and unless you’re a die-hard voter, where you have to vote no matter what, then rain might be the perfect excuse for you not to go out. Personally I think everyone should go and vote, but that’s just my opinion. In addition, if we apply this to real life, that is probably why the vast majority of elections are in the spring or summer because the weather is better and people are much more likely to turn up. Finally, some really interesting results or weather effects can be found in Bassi (2013) who found that when the weather is poor, people are less likely to vote for risky candidates. Therefore, as I mentioned before, yes most of this research is correlational. But it still makes for really interesting reading. Negative Campaigns and Political Adverts: With adverts of any type being a persuasion attempt, there is a lot of research in social psychology on this area. As a result, we know a lot about how to make an effective advert and definitely not what to do, but how do you create an effective political advert for people? This is even more important to consider because political campaigns spend massive amounts of money on TV advertising, and to be honest whilst most of that money is now spent on social media advertising. TV advertising still plays an important role. Since Gerber et al. (2011) found that TV advertising has a strong effect on voting preference for people, but this was short-lived. As well as adverts with moody lightning and music are most effective at engaging and persuading people. However, when it comes to negative campaigns which focuses on attacking the opposition. In theory this sounds like a great tactic because it surely it shows you’re a strong leader that is proving how weak, pathetic and terrible the opposition is. Yet this is far from how it works in reality since Carraro et al. (2010) found that when a politician makes a personal attack on political opponents they always suffer a backlash. Whilst the target of the attack was unaffected. This is only explicitly though. In reality it turns out that in the subconscious attitudes of the voters, the target of the attack did suffer because of the attack as did the attacker. So no one wins in that situation. In addition, in terms of voter turnout, thankfully adverts that support our political beliefs make us more likely to vote, and adverts that don’t support our beliefs have little effect on turn out (Matthes and Marquart, 2013). Scandals: Of course I will not get into politics here, but this is a very interesting point I think. However, scandals can have an impact on political candidates and how we decide to vote. For example, Eggers and Fisher (2011) conducted an analysis of the 2010 UK General Election found that voters decided to punish the political candidates that had been involved in scandals. But what actually makes this interesting is the size of this effect was only modest and it was a lot smaller than researchers had been expecting. To find out why this effect was unexpected, we can look to a study by Perez et al. (2012) on Spanish politics since they found that voters punished candidates exposed in corruption scandals. Yet the size of the effect was determined by the amount of media coverage those candidates got and whether charges were bought forward or not. And there is another very important factor that helps us to understand why voters’ reactions to scandals are so varied. It is because our reactions tend to be very, very partisan. Meaning we are lenient when the transgressing politician is from a party we support, and we are not lenient when it is from a party we do not support. Without going into politics too much here, this definitely can be seen with the political scandals going on at the moment. Since I’ve spoken to people on both sides of the political spectrum and this is exactly what I found. The people who supported the non-transgressing were furious about the corruption and scandal, but the other people who supported the transgressing parties didn’t care. I just found both of those reactions so interesting. What About When A Scandal Breaks? We have all heard the saying that timing is everything and that couldn’t be more true for political scandals. Since Mitchell (2013) found if a scandal breaks later in a political campaign then this can do less damage than if it was released earlier. Simply because by a late stage of an election, people have already gathered a lot of policy information (whether they realise it or not) so they can make a decision. As well as if a political scandal drags on for months and starts a drip-drip-drip effect then this can really be damaging. Sounds familiar? Does A Political Scandal Really Distract Us From The Real Issues? If you live in the UK right now (and probably anywhere else in the world), you constantly hear people saying that this scandal is distracting people from the real issues of the world. And as much as I want to comment on what is a “real issue” I won’t, but it turns out there is evidence that this is not the case. In fact according to The British Psychology Society Research Digested, national, or any type of, scandals for that matter actually improves our memory of the transgressing party’s policies. Which is consistent with an associative memory account in which the importance of the scandal boosts our memory for information related to the politician. Therefore, if you ever hear a politician or someone saying that the scandal is pointless and it focuses attention away from “real issues”. I hate (not) to say that they are almost certainly wrong. Conclusion: At the end of these two posts on voting psychology and why we vote. I really have enjoyed them because I had aims (I now realise) when it came to them. I really wanted to find out why people behave as they do when it comes to voting, and I think we can all admit some of these findings have been fascinating. Others were just whacky. Yet I also wanted to disprove some myths about politics. Since that is one of the reasons why I love forensic psychology so much, because that area of psychology has allowed me to understand what is actually going on when it comes to treatment, imprisonment and criminal behaviour instead of what the media and politicians report on (which is not always true). So I wanted to try and improve my understanding of this when it comes to politics. I really enjoy this, and I hope you did too! If you want to learn more, please check out: FREE AND EXCLUSIVE 8 PSYCHOLOGY BOOK BOXSET Social Psychology: A Guide To Social And Cultural Psychology. Available from all major eBook retailers and you can order the paperback and hardback copies from Amazon, your local bookstore and local library, if you request it. Buy Me A Coffee Have a great day! I truly hope that you’ve enjoyed this blog post and if you feel like supporting the blog on an ongoing basis and get lots of rewards, then please head to my Patreon page. However, if want to show one-time support and appreciation, the place to do that is PayPal. If you do that, please include your email address in the notes section, so I can say thank you. Which I am going to say right now. Thank you! Click https://www.buymeacoffee.com/connorwhiteley for a one-bit of support. Click www.paypal.me/connorwhiteley1 to go to PayPal. Political Psychology References: https://digest.bps.org.uk/2015/04/14/the-psychology-of-voting-digested/ Gerber, A. S., Gimpel, J. G., Green, D. P., & Shaw, D. R. (2011). How large and long-lasting are the persuasive effects of televised campaign ads? Results from a randomized field experiment. American Political Science Review, 105(1), 135-150. Carraro, L., Gawronski, B., & Castelli, L. (2010). Losing on all fronts: The effects of negative versus positive person‐based campaigns on implicit and explicit evaluations of political candidates. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49(3), 453-470. Matthes, J., & Marquart, F. (2015). A New Look at Campaign Advertising and Political Engagement: Exploring the Effects of Opinion-Congruent and -Incongruent Political Advertisements. Communication Research, 42(1), 134–155. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650213514600 Gomez, B. T., Hansford, T. G., & Krause, G. A. (2007). The Republicans should pray for rain: Weather, turnout, and voting in US presidential elections. The Journal of Politics, 69(3), 649- 663. Artés, J. (2014). The rain in Spain: Turnout and partisan voting in Spanish elections. European Journal of Political Economy, 34, 126-141. Eisinga, R., Te Grotenhuis, M., & Pelzer, B. (2012). Weather conditions and voter turnout in Dutch national parliament elections, 1971–2010. International journal of biometeorology, 56(4), 783-786. Persson, M., Sundell, A., & Öhrvall, R. (2014). Does Election Day weather affect voter turnout? Evidence from Swedish elections. Electoral Studies, 33, 335-342. Bassi, A. (2013). Weather, mood, and voting: an experimental analysis of the effect of weather beyond turnout. Available at SSRN 2273189. Eggers, A. C., & Fisher, A. C. (2011). Electoral accountability and the UK parliamentary expenses scandal: Did voters punish corrupt MPs?. Available at SSRN 1931868. Costas-Pérez, E., Solé-Ollé, A., & Sorribas-Navarro, P. (2012). Corruption scandals, voter information, and accountability. European journal of political economy, 28(4), 469-484. Mitchell, D. G. (2014). Here today, gone tomorrow? Assessing how timing and repetition of scandal information affects candidate evaluations. Political Psychology, 35(5), 679-701.

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  • THE PSYCHOLOGY WORLD PODCAST| CONNOR WHITELEY

    The Psychology World Podcast by Connor Whiteley Do you want to learn about psychology? Do you want to learn about the latest psychology news? Do you want an enjoyable podcast that will teach you about psychology? If the answer is yes to any of those questions, then this is the podcast for you as you will learn about the many areas of psychology; like abnormal psychology and cognitive psychology; in an easy to understand way. By the end of each episode you will learn something interesting about psychology. So please join me for another episode of The Psychology World Podcast… The Psychology World Podcast Episodes: Episode 150- What Are The Mental Health Pros and Cons of Marijuana Use? Episode 149- 5 Things Therapists Shouldn't Do In Therapy Episode 148- Scandals, Weather and TV Adverts. Psychology of Voting Part 2. Episode 147- Psychology of Voting Part 1 Episode 146- 5 Ways Psychology Can Change Your Life Episode 145- How Beauty Amplifies A Psychopath's Natural Advantage? Episode 144- Why Do People Emotional Abuse Others? Episode 143- How Does Propaganda Work Against Opposition? Episode 142- What Happens When Therapists Are Attracted To Their Clients? Episode 141- How Does Propaganda Work? Episode 140- Suicide and Prisons. Episode 139- What Happens When Young People Go To War? Episode 138- How Dementia Impacts Criminal Behaviour? Episode 137- What's The Difference Between A Psychopath and Sociopath? Episode 136- Why Do People Think Psychology Is A Bad Career Choice? Episode 135- How Does Depression Impact Suicide? 3 Questions Answered Episode 134- Why Is It Difficult Domestic Abuse Against Men? Episode 133- Why Dementia Isn't A Diagnosis? Episode 132- What Are Forensic Psychology Careers? Episode 131- How Social Factors Impact Male Suicide and Suicide Prevention? Episode 130- Police Culture and Police Psychology Episode 129- Basics of Cult Psychology Episode 128- 5 New Ways To Keep Your Brain Healthy and Reduce Your Risk of Dementia. Episode 127- How To Boost Mental Health? Research From Clinical Psychology and Positive Psychology Episode 126- 5 Signs of Psychopathic Personality Episode 125- 5 Ways To Reduce Holiday Stress Episode 124- 5 Signs You Might Need Therapy For Psychology Students and Psychology Professionals Episode 123- What is Dementia and Types of Dementia? Episode 122- Male Suicide: A Silent Clinical Psychology Crisis Episode 121- Myths about Happiness. Episode 120- Paths To Becoming A Psychotherapist Episode 119- What Are The Benefits of Prioritising Friendships? Episode 118- How To Deal With An Angry Partner For University Psychology Students and professionals? Episode 117- 3 Tips To Stop Procrastination In Depressed People For University Students and Psychology Professionals. Episode 116- How 100 Year Olds Keep Their Minds Sharp? A Cognitive Psychology Podcast Episode. Episode 115- 4 Factors of Effective Psychotherapy Episode 114- Introduction To Personality Psychology Episode 113- Emotion and Cognition. Episode 112- How is Therapy Different Than Talking To Parents and Friends? Episode 111- In Defence Of Psychology... Episode 110- 3 Depression Myths Clinical Psychologists and Psychology Student Need To Know About. Episode 109- 3 Ways Your Brain Perceives The World Episode 108- How To Stop Rumination? Episode 107- 3 Awkward Things Clinical Psychologists Should Know In Psychotherapy Episode 106- How To Know If A Therapist Likes You? Episode 105- 3 New Tips To Help Build Psychological Resilience. Episode 104- How To Know If Your Therapist is A Match? Episode 103- How Success Can Change Personality? A Personality Psychology Episode. Episode 102- Where Depression Lives? Episode 101- 3 Surprising Facts About Gut Health and Behaviour. Episode 100- Lessons Learnt From 100 Episodes Of A Psychology Podcast Episode 99- What To Say To Someone When Someone's Died? Episode 98- 3 Beliefs That Can Harm Relationships Episode 97- Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to FBI Profiling Episode 96- Forensic Psychology of Shoplifting Episode 95- What Parents Should Know About Screen Time? Episode 94- How Do Narcissists Use Cult Leader Tactics To Control Others? Episode 93- What Can Your Client Do Yo Help With Their Psychotherapy? Episode 92- What Not To Say To Someone With Anxiety? Episode 91- Diversity Within Clinical Psychology and Clinical Psychology In Health Settings Episode 90- How Drugs Affect behaviour? A Biological and Clinical Psychology Podcast Episode. Episode 89- The Positives of Video Games and Interview With J. F Penn Reflection Episode 88- Why People Don't Help Others? A Social Psychology and Prosocial Behaviour Episode. Episode 87- Comments On Psychology of Religion and Psychology TV Programme Episode 86- Developmental Psychology: Can Children Learn From Video? Episode 85- My Thoughts On Genetic Treatments For Mental Health Conditions Episode 84- What Do Social Groups Do For Individuals? A Social Psychology Episode. Episode 83- Should Psychologists Be Able To Prescribe Medication: My Clinical Psychology Reflection Episode 82- What Causes Schizophrenia? Episode 81- The Timeless Debates In Psycholo9gy Episode 80- How Can Artificial intelligence Help Reduce Depression and Bipolar Disorder Misdiagnosis? Episode 79- Ways to Reduce Social Anxiety About Socialising After the Pandemic Episode 78- 5 Ways to Keep Your Brain Healthy and Reduce Your Risk of Getting Dementia Episode 77- How to Talk to Children About Mental Health Conditions? Episode 76- How To Make Anxiety Your Friend Using Clinical Psychology? Episode 75- What To DO When You or Your Clients Are Overwhelmed Using Clinical Psychology? Episode 74- 5 Myths About Hypnosis in Clinical Psychology Episode 73- 5 Harmful Thinking Patterns Using Cognitive and Clinical Psychology Episode 72-What Strong Relationships Have in Common? Episode 71- What Have You Lost or Found On Your Psychology Journey? Episode 70- How to Tell if Someone is Lying Using Psychology? Episode 69- The 'Fast Development= Risky Vaccine' Intuition and Consumer Lay theories Using Cognitive Psy chology Episode 68- How to Achieve your New Year resolutions? Episode 67- Approaches in Psychology for A Level Psychology Students Episode 66- How Couples Can Stop Arguing Using Social psychology? Episode 65- 3 Tips to Help You Avoid Christmas Gift Giving Mistakes Episode 64- 3 Tips to Help You Exercise More Episode 63-How can Social Media benefit Us? Episode 62- How to Help Men with their Mental Health? Episode 61- Psychology of Religion and Carl Jung with J. F Penn Episode 60- New Ways to Deal With Stress Episode 59- Can Halloween Benefit Our Mental Health? Episode 58- 3 Reasons We Get Bored in Relationships Episode 57- What is Formulation and Why is It Important? Episode 56- Should Psychologists Be Able To Prescribe Medication? Episode 55- Changing Visions 2040: Future of Psychology Episode 54- What is Clinical Psychology and Why is it Needed? Episode 53- 4 Personality Types Most Resilience During the Pandemic Episode 52- Why Do People Constantly Watch the News and How to Stay Optimistic During Difficult Times? Episode 51- 3 Tips to Help Build Resilience Episode 50- Psychology of Cults Episode 49- How Artificial Intelligence Could Impact Human Behaviour? My Predictions Episode 48- The Power of Re-framing a Mental Health Diagnosis Episode 47- The Ultimate Stress Reducer Episode 46- How Can You Help a Depressed Person? Episode 45- What influences language development? Episode 44- 5 Ways to help overcome social anxiety Episode 43- Why do more authentic people live happier lives? Episode 42- How can psychology help during the COVID-19 pandemic? BPS Conference 2020 highlights Episode 40- Differences in Sexual Interest Between Genders Episode 41-How to read people and decode facial expressions? Episode 38- Psychology of Cuteness and Why Your Need More of It in Your Life? Episode 39- How will Social Distancing Affect Child Development? Episode 37- How Does Racism Affect Your Health? Episode 36- What are Anxiety Disorders and Their Types? Episode 35- Myths About Apologies Episode 34- How Does Sleep Work? Episode 33- 5 Ways to Deal With Negative Thoughts Episode 32- Why Do We Have Such Large Brains? An Introduction to Social Cognition Episode 31- 5 Ways to Help a Friend With Grief Episode 30- Forensic Psychology: Does Treatment Work for Offenders? Episode 29- Forensic Psychology: Types of Legal Systems Episode 28- Forensic Psychology: Public and Crime Episode 27- Research Biases in Psychology Research Episode 26- Could Teletherapy be the Future of Psychotherapy? Episode 25- How to Increase Generalisability and Credibility in Psychology Research? Episode 24- What to Do During Lockdown Using Social Psychology? Episode 23- Research Types in Psychology Episode 22- How to Combat Loneliness During COVID-19 and Everyday Life? Episode 21- Developmental Psychology: How Poverty impacts Development Episode 20- Developmental Psychology: Role of Peers and Play in Child Development Episode 19- Developmental Psychology: Attachment Episode 18- Health Psychology: Social Reasons for why Obesity occurs Episode 17- Health Psychology: The Biopsychosocial Model Episode 16- Health Psychology: Biological Reasons for Obesity Episode 15- Forensic Psychology Episode 14- Bystanderism Episode 13- Cognitive Explanations for the Formation of Human Relationships Episode 12- Ethics in Psychology Episode 11- Abnormal Psychology: Treatment Options for Depression Episode 10- Abnormal Psychology: Cognitive Explanation for Depression Episode 9- What is Abnormal Psychology and Biological Explanation for Depression Episode 8-Social Cognitive Theory Episode 7- What is Social Psychology and Cultural Dimensions? Episode 6- Neurotransmitters Episode 5- Localisation Episode 4- What is Biological Psychology and Neuroplasticity? Episode 3- Reliability of Memory Episode 2- Thinking Biases Episode 1 - What is Psychology and Cognition in a Digital World

  • PSYCHOLOGY/SCIFI AUTHOR | Connor Whiteley

    Welcome to connorwhiteley.net ​ I'm Connor Whiteley, a sci-fi fantasy and nonfiction psychology author, a podcaster and audiobook narrator. ​ I hope that you find great information on this website if you're interested in psychology. My favourite areas of psychology are social psychology and abnormal psychology but I write about many more areas. ​ Some important links for the website are: Blog Start Here Podcast Psychology Books MY BOOKS Hello everyone, welcome to this small section about my books. ​ Below are a small handful of my sci-fi fantasy books as well as my psychology books. ​ I write on a board range of psychology topics. like: social psychology and abnormal psychology

  • SCI FI FANTASY AUDIO | Connor Whiteley

    Welcome to my science fiction and fantasy audiobooks. ​ I hope that you enjoy them. ​ Personally, I love audiobooks because they are very convenient and enjoyable. ​ You can get my audiobooks at: Kobo, Amazon, Audible, Google Play, Barnes and Noble and many, many more... ​ YOU CAN EVEN GET MY AUDIOBOOKS FOR FREE IF YOU REQUEST THEM AT YOUR LOCAL LIBRARY. Science Fiction and Fantasy Audiobooks Garro: Galaxy's End Perfect for lovers of star wars, Warhammer 40,000 and magic! Humanity’s extinction is inevitable. The galaxy is burning with the flames of war as humanity is relentlessly besieged by the Order; a group of four very lethal alien races each with their own sinister motive; as they seek to enslave humanity. While on a routine mission to investigate a distress call from a research moon, Grand Master Garro of the Magi Order; humanity’s order of magical individual; and his superhuman team stumble across a plot that will lead them across the stars in a race against time as Garro attempts to stop this horrific threat before it spells out the Galaxy’s End. Meanwhile, shadowy forces converge on Jupiter as the Cabal; an interstellar agency; put their last few plans into motion. To bring rise to their age of tyranny. Yet can one of Garro’s secret agents called: Hugo stop the Cabal’s powerful forces before Humanity’s Fall? And can Hugo find their mystic leader and cut off the head of the Cabal once and for all? AUDIBLE KOBO Garro: Rise of The Order Perfect for lovers of star wars, Warhammer 40,000 and magic! When Garro learns about the possible location of his parents, he and his forces go to the Iarannthan Homeworld to conquer it but as the fighting gets more intense and the situation gets more dire. As much darker forces are at work with a plot to destroy the veil between the living and Undead realms. Can humanity and the Iarannthans part aside their differences to stop a plot that could annihilate both their races? Meanwhile, Hugo’s hunt continues for the God Cabal as he investigates a front for their operations, but nothing is as it seems. Especially, as he carves a path straight to the Cabal where he meets a senior member of the Cabal in a thrilling and interesting showdown. On the other side of the Galaxy, Jeremy starts his quest for the Hammer but as he explores the past and the civilisation that came before humanity and Order. We start to see the impossible threat that the Undead present to the Galaxy. But the events that happen here will shape Jeremy in the past, present and future. Is this the event that damns the galaxy to eternal war? AUDIBLE KOBO Garro: End Times Earth is burning and besieged on all fronts. The Order has finally broken the Ghost System and they’re making their make towards Earth with all their fury and they will leave no survivors. This is the day humanity burns. The Undead is pouring out into reality as the veils between worlds become too thin to hold them back anymore. Meanwhile, with the God Cabal and her daughter revealed it's up to Hugo to end the Cabal once and for all no matter the cost but in this epic showdown between the three characters shocking secrets are revealed that will make Hugo question everything. Garro and his forces are the only people able to save humanity from its fate so they raced across the stars to save them, but will they be enough to save humanity from the Order when ancient foes and the Order’s best come for them? Not everyone will make it out alive in this gripping ending to the trilogy, but your favourite heroes live or die? KOBO Garro: Short Stories Garro: Short Stories Perfect for lovers of warhammer 40,000, star wars and science fiction. Containing 22 short stories, this book builds upon the Garro Universe through 22 amazing, thrilling and fascinating short stories that will make you fall further in love with the Garro universe as we explore lore and events that have never been seen before. Stories include are: Samiud Becoming a Magi Armour of Faith Arbitration How to turn a mortal Mystical Faith Deathly resurrection Humans and politics Foes and fire Protector of the Faith Discovering the Ciarog The Ciarog Interrogation Agent of the Grand Master Letter of Truth Traveller’s Hell Enslavement Garro: Past Assassin’s Game Politician’s War Civilian’s Diary Death of the Faithful Sacrifice AUDIBLE Garro: Collection KOBO Explore Garro’s amazing journey from Galaxy’s End to the brutal battles of Hiuidium to the breath-taking battlegrounds of Earth in this boxset trilogy. Garro: Galaxy’s End Perfect for lovers of star wars, Warhammer 40,000 and magic! Humanity’s extinction is inevitable. The galaxy is burning with the flames of war as humanity is relentlessly besieged by the Order; a group of four very lethal alien races each with their own sinister motive; as they seek to enslave humanity. While on a routine mission to investigate a distress call from a research moon, Grand Master Garro of the Magi Order; humanity’s order of magical individual; and his superhuman team stumble across a plot that will lead them across the stars in a race against time as Garro attempts to stop this horrific threat before it spells out the Galaxy’s End. Meanwhile, shadowy forces converge on Jupiter as the Cabal; an interstellar agency; put their last few plans into motion. To bring rise to their age of tyranny. Yet can one of Garro’s secret agents called: Hugo stop the Cabal’s powerful forces before Humanity’s Fall? And can Hugo find their mystic leader and cut off the head of the Cabal once and for all? Garro Rise of the Order Perfect for lovers of star wars, Warhammer 40,000 and magic! When Garro learns about the possible location of his parents, he and his forces go to the Iarannthan Homeworld to conquer it but as the fighting gets more intense and the situation gets more dire. As much darker forces are at work with a plot to destroy the veil between the living and Undead realms. Can humanity and the Iarannthans part aside their differences to stop a plot that could annihilate both their races? Meanwhile, Hugo’s hunt continues for the God Cabal as he investigates a front for their operations, but nothing is as it seems. Especially, as he carves a path straight to the Cabal where he meets a senior member of the Cabal in a thrilling and interesting showdown. On the other side of the Galaxy, Jeremy starts his quest for the Hammer but as he explores the past and the civilisation that came before humanity and Order. We start to see the impossible threat that the Undead present to the Galaxy. But the events that happen here will shape Jeremy in the past, present and future. Is this the event that damns the galaxy to eternal war? Garro End Times Perfect for lovers of star wars, Warhammer 40,000 and magic! Earth is burning and besieged on all fronts. The Order has finally broken the Ghost System and they’re making their make towards Earth with all their fury and they will leave no survivors. This is the day humanity burns. The Undead is pouring out into reality as the veils between worlds become too thin to hold them back anymore. Meanwhile, with the God Cabal and her daughter revealed it's up to Hugo to end the Cabal once and for all no matter the cost but in this epic showdown between the three characters shocking secrets are revealed that will make Hugo question everything. Garro and his forces are the only people able to save humanity from its fate so they raced across the stars to save them, but will they be enough to save humanity from the Order when ancient foes and the Order’s best come for them? Not everyone will make it out alive in this gripping ending to the trilogy, but your favourite heroes live or die? Garro: Heresy After 40 years of peace, the Republic has never been stronger or more prosperous. But now the Galaxy is burning. Riots, slaughters, and assassinations are spreading like a plague throughout the Republic and nobody knows who or what is behind these attacks, but as these threats grow in intensity and as multiple high-profile figures are assassinated. Garro is dispatched to investigate. However, as he explores this conspiracy more and more Garro discovers that nothing is as it seems and everything he has believed in has been a lie! As dead people return, friends become enemies and the match is lit that will set the Galaxy aflame but can Garro stop the conspiracy before its true aim is fulfilled. BUY TODAY TO READ THIS THRILLING AND TWIST TURNING SCI-FI FANTASY BOOK! If you like science fiction fantasy, a fantasy adventure series, science fiction dystopian or sci-fi fantasy books then this is the book for you. This audiobook is a perfect listen whilst you commute, exercise, do the housework or even if you just want a relaxing listen before you go to bed. KOBO Garro: Faithless KOBO With the Galaxy burning bright and all major systems besieged by the heretics, Supreme Grand Master Jeremy has his sight set on the Forgeworlds as without these critical worlds then the Republic is crippled. However, there is hope- The God Magi has been revealed to the Galaxy but as the heretics, Undead and traitors within the Republic focusing on the Forgeworlds, she must use all of her holy gifts. Yet enemies are everywhere… Meanwhile, with Garro being deemed a heretic by his own Order and the Republic, he is alone. He is Faithless. He is nothing. However, with Kortana hunting a weapon to end the galaxy, Garro must push on but when his hunt leads him into the hands of the God Magi’s magic hating Inquisition. Garro must quickly figure out a way to survive and prove that he is not a heretic. Before Kortana finds her prize and ends the Galaxy. BUY NOW TO READ THIS INTERESTING SCI-FI FANTASY BOOK! If you like science fiction fantasy, a fantasy adventure series, science fiction dystopian or sci-fi fantasy books then this is the book for you. This audiobook is a perfect listen whilst you commute, exercise, do the housework or even if you just want a relaxing listen before you go to bed.

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