Hello everyone, I hope that you had a good weekend.
Today's episode of The Psychology World Podcast is on ethics in psychology as we take a brief break after abnormal psychology and sociocultural psychology.
Hello everyone, today's episode is finally the ethics episode, which I know I've been talking about for quite a while, but I'm finally going to do it so it should be a very interesting episode because ethics is a major part of psychology because before the ethical guidelines came out. It was the wild Western psychology and some of the experiments were quite devastating, which is echoed from my books and just psychology in general.
Informed consent- this can simply be defined as you are giving people information about the study so they can make an informed decision about if they want to take part in the experiment or not. And this is all goes back to the idea of consent and people allow you to experiment on them because in the early days there was no informed consent. It was bad. And informed consent in most psychology studies is really simple you just signing a bit of paper after reading a bit of information. Is that as you really simple step, very simple step to do, but a really important and powerful one. So you definitely need to do that.
Protection from harm is another one. Now, this is both physiological so bodily harm and then psychological harm. Like: other psychological trauma.
Confidentiality- you need to protect data and you need to protect your participant's identity because if your data isn't confidential, I've made the assumption here. There's more from my notebook. So this is what it says from the IB psychology guide “Data collected in the process of research, as well as the facts of hesitation in the study, must remain unknown to any third parties and nobody should be able to establish the identity for purpose, to enter from the pup histories that offer disclosed information. This ethical norm has implications of how data is recorded and stored. Report it in a research study is confidential. If the researcher can connect the authentic or data obtained in this study, but the terms of the agreement, then the research from sharing this information with anyone. Puppies station is ominous, if even the V such cannot connect, obtained information to the Papa since authentic, for example, and online so that if I weren't, you do not provide your name.”And this confidentiality is a part of everyday life. For, for example, example data privacy laws. And in 2018 I want to say we have the GDPR. So this was all very interesting and that this can be applied to everyday life to just protect people's identity. For example, if you're a business owner and you collect EAM and just need to make sure that you're not sharing anyone's database, that they have given you, that they've given their permission for you to use that data, not for Facebook, Amazon, Google, or any of these big further companies.
Right to withdraw- This is a massive one and maybe one of the most important, because. You need to make sure that people can withdraw from the study if they're uncomfortable, or even if your study will not remain or will not harm, then psychology or physically, everyone is different.
One of my favourites is deception. I love a good deception case study, which makes me sound actually quite terrible now, but in psychology, deceptions needed, because if you tell people the exact hypothesis or purpose of the study, then you get demand characteristics, which is when people will act how we think that it wants to behave. And that will pretty much ruin your experiment. So deception I do quite like because some deception in psychology studies is quite pretty blatant but really clever. Let's do a bit more reading because I know, I want to say I just can't. I can't put into words. “In many cases, the true aim of the study cannot be, were to pop sins as it may change their behaviour, which I just said the Hmong characteristics, this is why some degrees of deception often have to be used. However, deception must be minimal as possible and fully justified by the purposes of the study.”
I hope you've enjoyed today's episode.
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Have a great week everyone.